USDA Hogs & Pigs Report 03/26 14:24
US March 1 Hog Inventory Up 4% From Year Ago
2019 2020 2020 as
(1,000 head) (1,000 head) (percent)
All Hogs March 1 74,661 77,629 104
Kept for Breeding 6,349 6,375 100
Kept for Marketing 68,313 71,254 104
Under 50 lbs. 21,373 22,221 104
50-119 lbs. 19,168 19,853 104
120-179 lbs. 15,001 15,581 104
180 lbs. 12,771 13,598 106
Dec-Feb 3,099 3,158 102
Mar-May* 3,133 3,119 100
Jun-Aug* 6,233 3,134 96
Dec-Feb Pig Crop 33,163 34,734 105
Dec-Feb Pigs Per Litter 10.70 11.00 103
OMAHA (DTN) -- United States inventory of all hogs and pigs on March 1,
2020 was 77.6 million head. This was up 4% from March 1, 2019, but down 1
percent from December 1, 2019.
Breeding inventory, at 6.38 million head, was up slightly from last year,
but down 1 percent from the previous quarter.
Market hog inventory, at 71.3 million head, was up 4 percent from last
year, but down 1 percent from last quarter.
The December 2019-February 2020 pig crop, at 34.7 million head, was up 5
percent from last year. Sows farrowing during this period totaled head, up
2 percent from previous year. The sows farrowed during this quarter
represented 49 percent of the breeding herd. The average pigs saved per
litter was a record high of 11.00 for the December 2019-February 2020
period, compared to 10.70 last year.
United States hog producers intend to have 3.12 million sows farrow during
the March-May 2020 quarter, down slightly from the actual farrowings
during the same period one year earlier, but up 2 percent from the same
period two years earlier. Intended farrowings for June-August 2020, at
3.13 million sows, are down 4 percent from the same period one year
earlier, and down 1 percent from the same period two years earlier.
The total number of hogs under contract owned by operations with over
5,000 head, but raised by contractees, accounted for 49 percent of the
total United States hog inventory, up 2 percent from the previous year.
"Thursday's USDA Hogs and Pigs report came out as expected -- more hogs,"
said DTN Livestock Analyst Shayle Stewart. "There are two take-aways from
Thursday's report. 1. There are a lot more hogs in the country at this
time than there were a year ago. 2. It is a shear blessing that packers
have been processing at the high speeds they've been running at.
"The industry hasn't seen this many hogs around the countryside since the
late 1990s," Stewart continued. "It will be crucial for the hog industry
to continue to export and harvest at vigorous speeds. It's fairly safe to
assume that amid the COVID-19 storm, demand and packer productivity will
stay elevated. But the real question is how will producers manage their
herds knowing China is rebuilding its herd and demand domestically and
internally could change once the COVID-19 virus has run its course?"
To view the full Quarterly Hogs and Pigs report, visit
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