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Giddy Zimbabweans March Against Mugabe 11/18 11:38

   HARARE, Zimbabwe (AP) -- In a euphoric gathering that just days ago would 
have drawn a police crackdown, crowds marched through Zimbabwe's capital on 
Saturday to demand the departure of President Robert Mugabe, one of Africa's 
last remaining liberation leaders, after nearly four decades in power.

   Zimbabweans giddy with joy raced through intersections, raising their arms 
in triumph. Young men shouted, laughed and embraced. Others danced on top of 
moving buses. One man stripped to his underwear and danced on a car roof.

   In the first public outpouring since the military put Mugabe under house 
arrest earlier in the week, the bulk of Harare's population of about 1.6 
million appeared to be in the streets. The army held back thousands who 
gathered near the State House, home to official functions, while others headed 
toward Mugabe's lavish mansion.

   Some marchers had posters with an image of the military commander who swept 
in to take control, with the slogan: "Go, go, our general!!!" Marchers handed 
flags to soldiers, who accepted and waved.

   "It's like Christmas," said one marcher, Fred Mubay, who said Zimbabweans 
have been suffering for a long time.

   Another resident, Trust Chuma, sat quietly on a bench and watched. "This is 
the biggest day in the history of Zimbabwe," he said.

   The 93-year-old Mugabe, the world's oldest head of state, is said to be 
asking for more time amid negotiations with regional leaders that seek his exit 
with a veneer of dignity.

   But he is virtually powerless and deserted by most of his allies, with 
others arrested, and the ruling party has turned on him, asking for a Central 
Committee meeting this weekend to recall both him and his wife. Impeachment is 
also a possibility when Parliament resumes Tuesday.

   The dancing crowds in Harare made it clear the country is impatient to move 
on without Mugabe, who took power 37 years ago amid an air of optimism but has 
been accused of squandering the once-prosperous country's potential.

   "It's like independence day, multiple," a political analyst said on 
state-run television.

   Even as concerns remained about who next would be in charge and what 
freedoms might be available if the military lingers in power --- or if Mugabe's 
recently fired deputy leads a new government --- people reveled in the rare 
chance to speak out.

   Zimbabwean newspaper publisher Trevor Ncube tweeted: "Dear world, we are 
fully aware of the possible risks and pitfalls beyond this tipping point. ... 
After 37 years of repression, allow us to soak in this moment. Sincerely, 
#Zimbabwe."

   The demonstrators, in the event approved by the military, hoped the big 
turnout would speed up the official end of Mugabe's rule, which is widely 
blamed for the collapse of an economy that was once one of Africa's wealthiest. 
In a reminder of past crippling hyperinflation, the state-run Zimbabwe Herald 
published a photo of a man holding a 200 million-dollar bill.

   Veterans of the long liberation war against white minority rule, once close 
allies of Mugabe, took part in the demonstration, along with opposition 
activists who long have faced police crackdowns by the Mugabe government.

   Zimbabwe's state-run media showed previously unthinkable images of the 
celebrations. The Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation called the country "free 
and liberated" and showed footage of one person carrying a sign saying "The 
people of Zimbabwe want Mugabe to go."

   The state-run Zimbabwe Herald newspaper's report "#Mugabe Must Go!" noted 
some of Mugabe's achievements but said that "however the revolutionary train 
derailed somewhere along the way."

   Outside the State House, a place few previously dared venture, soldiers 
posed for pictures as marchers streamed by. Thousands of people later gathered 
at an intersection nearby, with security forces blocked them from moving 
further.

   The military in a new statement urged the thousands upon thousands of people 
streaming through the capital to be orderly and "vigilant against agent 
provocateurs" who might wish to discredit the events.

   At an intersection, a vendor held up a newspaper with the headline: "Mugabe 
cornered." The majority of adult Zimbabweans now survive on informal trade 
after formal industry collapsed.

   Harare's Robert Mugabe Street turned into a carnival. Drivers gunned their 
engines, blasted their horns and circled in a main intersection, enveloping the 
crowd in exhaust fumes.

   One driver got out of his moving car and danced in front of it for a couple 
of minutes as the empty vehicle coasted slowly down a street lined with 
cheering crowds.

   Some white Zimbabweans joined the crowd at Harare's Freedom Square, also 
known as Robert Mugabe Square. Some whites and blacks hugged each other.

   In Zimbabwe's second-largest city, Bulawayo, former education minister David 
Coltart said he spoke at a "massive march" organized by churches to urge 
President Robert Mugabe to resign. He said thousands of people were there.

   "I never thought I would see the day as we marched past central police 
station without being arrested!" he said. "Amazing scenes."

   Thousands gathered for speeches at the Zimbabwe Grounds, chosen for the 
symbolism. The location is where Zimbabweans gathered to cheer Mugabe's return 
from exile in 1980 after the liberation war from white minority rule.

   Now the crowds urged Mugabe's departure. Speakers included former Vice 
President Joice Mujuru, sacked in 2014 by Mugabe and accused of plotting to 
take power. Cabinet ministers were spotted in the crowd.

   "This is the new Zimbabwe," one speaker declared.

   Another expressed popular anger at first lady Grace Mugabe, whose apparent 
attempts to succeed her husband were a factor in the military's decision to 
step in.

   "You and your husband should go today and not tomorrow," the speaker said.

   The 37-year-old Talent Mudzamiri was born soon after Zimbabwe's independence.

   "It's like a relief," he said. "Our voices have not been heard for a long 
time. The trend in Africa, when the people speak, they are not heard."

   He acknowledged that Zimbabwe faces challenges in the long term, but said: 
"The common enemy is Robert Mugabe. That's for starters." If Zimbabwe's next 
leader is just as troublesome, he said, "we are going to come out again."


(KA)

 
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